This line is part of the following subdivisions:
· Coast subdivision from San Luis Obispo (via Santa Clara and Newark) to North Elmhurst
· Peninsula subdivision from CP Lick (San Jose, via Santa Clara) to 4th & King (San Francisco)
From South Gilroy, the south end of the passenger track on the west side, where a short stretch speed limited at 35 mph begins, the line passes a bridge over drainage, a rail-served plant on the east side, and the Caltrain (Joint Powers Board) storage sidings are on the west side of the main line, south of the depot at Gilroy (MP 77.0), south end of Caltrain service, which is also on the west side of the line with its platforms and platform tracks alongside the line on the west side. The main line in this area is UP-owned single track CTC with passing sidings, with maximum speeds of 79 mph for passenger trains and 60 mph for freights beginning north of the passenger tracks at Gilroy, as the passenger track ends at North Gilroy, with the line heads north-northwest, past four grade crossings in town.
The descending line passes extra track on the east side, a grade crossing, a bridge over drainage, a grade crossing, a bridge over drainage, a grade crossing, a dirt road grade crossing, a rail-served cement plant on the east side, Intermediate Signals at MP 74.6 and a grade crossing at Rucker (MP 74.0), three grade crossings, a rail-served plant on the east side, and a passenger station (west side platform and shelter only) at San Martin (MP 71.2), with a road alongside to the west. The line edges a bit more to the westward of north, past a bridge over a stream, a 10,529 ft. east side siding at Morgan Hill (MP 70.1 to 68.1), a road alongside to the east, a grade crossing, a spur trailing in on the east side, a grade crossing, a passenger station (east side platform, parking to the east) at Morgan Hill (JPBX) at MP 67.5, a bridge over a road, a detector at MP 66.2, a road alongside to the east, a grade crossing, Perry (MP 64.5), and the start of two main tracks, CTC, at Coyote (MP 59.9). Monterey Road is alongside to the east, with Coyote Creek Parkway (a protected area along the eponymous creek) beyond it. The line curves northwest, past tract housing on the west side of the line, Bernal Road and SR 85 bridging separately overhead, the passenger station, with platform on the east side, at Blossom Hill (MP 55.7), where Blossom Hill Road bridges overhead and Monterey Road becomes SR 82, and Oak Grove. There are grade crossings at Chenoweth Avenue, Branham Lane and Skyway Drive, a detector at MP 52.6, Capitol Expressway bridges overhead, and there is a passenger station, with platform on the east side, at Capitol (MP 52.4).
The line edges a bit further westward in direction, turning away from Monterey Road, and JPB ownership starts at CP Lick (MP 51.6), where the speed limit drops to 35 mph, there are crossovers and an SP branch from Alamitos once trailed in from the southwest. Curtner Avenue bridges overhead, as the line turns back to its former northwest heading and the Guadalupe Freeway (SR 87) comes alongside to the west. At Luther Junction (signals, MP 50.4), a connecting track from some industrial spurs further east trails in from the northeast. Almaden Expressway bridges overhead and Almaden Road passes below an underbridge, the erstwhile Western Pacific line around the south side of San Jose crosses the line at CP Michael (MP 49.7), the line bridges over Alma Avenue, passing the Caltrain station at Tamien (MP 49.2), with its platform and extra tracks on the west side of the line, which is elevated above ground level at this point, and runs parallel to the San Jose Light rail line just further west (in the median of the Guadalupe Freeway).
There are crossovers at CP Mack (MP 49.2), just north of Tamien station, where the passenger tracks trail in, a bridge over Willow Street, the line angles west, bridging across SR 87 as it does so, then bridges separately over Prevost Street and Delmas Avenue, passes the crossovers at CP Delmas (MP 48.7), bridges over Bird Avenue and I-280 as it turns northwest, and then turns north at the crossovers at CP Cahill (MP 47.9), where the speed limit drops to 15 mph, there is a road bridge (San Carlos Street) overhead, the branch from Los Gatos trails in from the southwest, and the now single (main) track line (with extra tracks on either side for the station beginning immediately north of CP Cahill) runs across a bridge over Park Avenue below to San Jose (Diridon) passenger station at MP 47.5.
The substantial depot at San Jose is on the east side of the line, with parking lot to its east (at Cahill Street) and bus stops to its northeast, and the station has one platform on the east side and two island platforms with umbrella sheds, connected by a passenger subway (which also connects to the VTA Light Rail Station on the west side of the tracks), and serving five platform tracks. Caltrain's locomotive and passenger car depot is on the west side of the tracks, with storage tracks for complete passenger trains adjacent to the station, and the locomotive maintenance shops beyond them, further to the west. The line crosses on a bridge over The Alameda below (with light rail line in tunnel below that), with the arena where the Sharks hockey team plays adjacent on the east side north of the street. CP Julian, immediately north of the station and at the same mile marker, with a large array of signals on a signal bridge controlling the northbound exits from the station platforms and yard tracks, is a wye junction with the former SP Milpitas Line (now the UP Warm Springs subdivision), which heads due east at this point. Three Main Tracks begin, as the line turns northwest to the signal bridge at CP Stockton (MP 46.6), the northwest apex of the wye, where there are crossovers.
The San Jose (Lenzen Avenue) locomotive roundhouse was once located on the east side of the tracks adjacent to the north leg of the wye, on the north side of the concrete bridge over W. Julian Avenue below; the remaining stalls in this roundhouse existed into the 2000s. There was also once a small yard located here. There's a massive new (in 2006) facility on the west side, with apparent track connections at the north end, across from the former location of the roundhouse. There are also three or four tracks comprising the storage and servicing area for Altamont Commuter Express (ACE) trains, during the daytime layover, on the west side. The line crosses Lenzen Avenue within the wye and bridges over W. Taylor Street at the north end of the wye There is a Caltrain station at College Park (MP 46.3), with depot on the west side of the line, the Hedding Street and I-880 road bridges pass overhead, and the south connections into Newhall Yard are just north of this location. Newhall Yard lies on the northeast side of the line at MP 45.6, extending north to CP Franklin (MP 45.1), where the yard connects into the two easternmost tracks and there are crossovers among the three tracks. There is a Caltrain station at Santa Clara (MP 44.8), with its depot on the west side of the tracks, freight station to its south and parking lot to its north, and southbound platform between the westernmost and center tracks. Santa Clara Tower is still present, on the west side of the tracks north of the station, but is out of use. The track carrying trains headed for or coming from Oakland is on the far east side of the formation, in 2006. The three main tracks reduce to two at CP Coast (MP 44.8), where the ex-SP line up the East Bay to Oakland turns away to the north while the Caltrain (JPB) line curves west-northwest.
From south of San Jose to either the Golden Gate or north of Richmond, the railroad is in an urban area, although some of the line through the marshes and salt flats bordering the southern end of San Francisco Bay seems quite far from built-up areas. At CP Coast, the Coast Starlight turns away from the Coast Route, running through the aforementioned marshes and salt flats to Newark.